Last updated on: May 31st, 2022
The Labour Law in Venezuela is regulated mainly by the Organic Law of Labour and Workers (“LOTTT”), 2012. The Law governs the terms and conditions of employment such as working hours, holidays and rest periods, wages, overtime, and other employment conditions. The other regulations which govern the employment relationship are Social Security Regulations.
Hours & Pay Regulations
An employee who completes 1 year of continuous service with an employer is entitled to annual leave for a duration of 15 working days. For each year of service, the employee will become entitled to an additional day of annual leave for a maximum of 15 working days.
In case of interruption in the annual leave due to any reason not related to the employee can be restarted once the circumstances terminate.
Collective Vacations – An employer may grant collective vacations to the employees by suspending the activities for a certain number of days in a year. The collective leave provided to the employee will be cut and deducted from the annual leave to which the employee is entitled including the additional annual vacation days.
If the employee at the time of the collective vacation has not yet completed the adequate duration of continuous service to be entitled to annual vacations, the days corresponding to the collective vacations will be considered as paid rest for the employee. The paid rest days that exceed the corresponding vacation period will be deducted from future vacations.
If the company is required to remain open and operating throughout the year, the employer can agree with the employee on a staggering collective vacation regime.
Vacation Pay and Bonus – An employee is entitled to a regular salary for the annual vacation along with a special bonus equal to a minimum of 15 days of regular salary plus one day for each year of service up to a total of 30 days of normal salary.
The base salary for the calculation of compensation due to employees for the period of vacation is based on the regular salary earned by the employee in the effective month of work immediately prior to the period in which the annual vacation is taken.
The payment of the salary for the vacation days must be made at the beginning of the annual vacation.
Split Vacation – When the employment relationship ends before the end of the year of service, whether the termination occurs during the first year or in the following years, the employee will have the right to be paid the equivalent of the remuneration that would have been due in relation to the annual vacations and the vacation bonus, in proportion to the full months of service during that year, as a fractional payment of the vacations that would have corresponded to them.
Preservation of meals and accommodation during annual vacation – In case, an employee receives food or accommodation or both at the same time as part of the regular remuneration from the employer, in such circumstances, the employee will remain entitled to such benefits or shall be provided value for the same. This will be set by an agreement between the employer and the employee and in case of any disagreement, it will be set by the appropriate labor authority.
Termination of employment – In case of termination of employment, an employee is entitled to be paid a salary corresponding to the annual leave days not taken calculated at the rate of regular salary of the employee accrued on the date of termination of employment.
Employees at the service of two or more employers – An employee who performs work for two or more employers shall be granted annual leave upon completing the year of uninterrupted service with that of the oldest employment relationship. The other employers shall grant the rest of the paid annual leave proportional to the full months that the employee had at the service of each of the employers. In this case, the fractions of leave will not be computed for granting the subsequent annual leaves.
Accumulation of vacation periods – The annual leave may be postponed at the request of the employee and allow the accumulation of the leave for up to 2 years periods. The annual leave may also be given in advance at the request of the employee.
Opportunity for vacation enjoyment – The time in which the employee must take an annual vacation is set by an agreement between the employer and employee. In case of any disagreement, the time for taking vacations is fixed by the appropriate labor authority. Annual vacations may not be postponed beyond 3 months from the date on which the employee becomes entitled to the vacation, except in the case of accumulation of leave.
Absences in the enjoyment of vacations – An employee who is absent from work due to justifiable reasons which are authorized by the employer and absences due to illness or accident or other proven causes as long as the total amount of such absence from work equals 7 or more days a year shall not be considered as an interruption to the continuity of the service of the employee for the purposes of entitlement of the annual leave.
The maternity, paternity leave, and adoption leave must be computed for the purposes of determining the seniority of the employees. Organic Law of Labour and Workers (“LOTTT”), 2012, Art. 189 – 202 and 121 and 342
An employee is entitled to take leave for occupational and non-occupational diseases/ injuries for a period not exceeding 12 months. The employee must provide the employer with a medical certificate that validates their sick leave within 48 hours of absence.
Pay – The employer must pay the employee’s salary for the first 3 days. From the 4th day onwards, the employee will receive payment from social security. Organic Law of Labour and Workers (“LOTTT”), 2012, Art. 72 and Social Security Regulations, Art. 114.
A pregnant employee is entitled to leave for a period of 6 weeks before delivery and 20 weeks or a longer duration of time due to illness after childbirth. In case the childbirth takes place after the scheduled date of delivery, in such cases, the prenatal leave is extended until the date of the delivery without the reduction in the postnatal leave.
In case, the pregnant employee does not make use of the prenatal leave either due to medical authorization or because the delivery occurs before the scheduled date or for any other circumstances, in such cases, the unused prenatal leave will be added to the postnatal leave period.
Pay – The payment for the period of maternity leave is made by Social Security.
Breastfeeding Break – An employee is entitled to two daily paid breaks of 30 minutes each for the purpose of breastfeeding the child. In case, the workplace does not provide a lactation room, in such cases, the duration of the break will be 1 ½ hour for each of the two breaks. Organic Law of Labour and Workers (“LOTTT”), 2012, Art. 331 – 338 and 345.
An employee is entitled to paid leave for a period of 14 continuous days from the date of the childbirth. Organic Law of Labour and Workers (“LOTTT”), 2012, Art. 339.
A female employee who has adopted a child under the age of 3 is entitled to paid leave for a period of 26 weeks from the date the child is placed into the family. Male employees are entitled to a period of 14 continuous days in case of adoption from the date of placement of the child in the family. Organic Law of Labour and Workers (“LOTTT”), 2012, Art. 340.
An employee may be granted leave in the following circumstances:
- For providing civil or military service
- For taking care of the spouse or ascendent and descendants up to the first degree of consanguinity, in case of need and for the time period agreed between the parties
- For carrying out a study or other purposes of interest.
- In cases of force majeure that have immediate and direct consequences and lead to the temporary suspension of work.
During the above time period of suspension of work, the employer will be under no obligation to provide salary to the employees. The time period during which the activities are suspended will however be calculated towards the calculation of seniority of the employees. Organic Law of Labour and Workers (“LOTTT”), 2012, Art. 72.