Hours & Pay Regulations
The normal working hours of employees cannot exceed 40 hours per week.
For employees, a five-day working week is set with two days off. At the six-day working week, the duration of daily work cannot exceed 7 hours at a weekly rate of 40 hours, 6 hours at a weekly rate of 36 hours and 4 hours at a weekly rate of 24 hours.
On the eve of festive and non-working days, the duration of the work of employees is reduced by one hour at a five-day and six-day working week. On the eve of weekends, the duration of work at six-day working week cannot exceed 5 hours. Article 51-53 of the Labor Act
Overtime work is generally not allowed, only under exceptional circumstances decided by the employer. Overtime work must not exceed four hours for each employee for two consecutive days and 120 hours per year.
Work for overtime hours is paid in double the amount of hourly rate. Article 65 of the Labour Act.
Nighttime is from 10 pm to 6 am. When working at night, the established duration of work (change) is reduced by one hour. The length of the night work is equal to the day in shift work at six-day working week with one day off.
Night work is paid in the increased amount set by a collective agreement, but not less than 20 percent premium for each hour of work at night. Article 54 & 108 of the Labor Act.
Employees are given a break for rest and meals lasting no more than two hours. The break is not included during working hours. A break for rest and food should be provided, as a rule, four hours after the start of work. The start and end time of a break is determined by the rules of the internal labor regulations. Article 66 of the Labor Act.
The duration of the interruption in the work between the changes must be not less than twice the duration of the working time in the previous change (including the time of the break for lunch). Article 59 of the Labor Act.
At the five-day working week, employees are given two days off weekly, and at the six-day working week one day off. The general day off is Sunday. The second day off during a five-day working week, if it is not determined by law, is determined by the schedule of work. The duration of a weekly continuous rest must be at least forty-two hours.
Day off work can be compensated, with the consent of the parties, the provision of another day of rest or in cash in double amount. Article 67 & 70 of the Labor Act.
The following public holidays are observed in Ukraine:
- January 1 – New Year
- January 7 and December 25 – Christmas
- March 8 – International Women’s Day
- May 1 – Labor Day
- May 9 – Victory Day over Nazism in the Second World War (Victory Day)
- June 28 – Constitution Day of Ukraine
- August 24 – Independence Day of Ukraine
- October 14 – Day of the defender of Ukraine.
Work is also not carried out during religious holidays:
- January 7 and December 25 – Christmas
- One day (Sunday) – Easter (Easter)
- One day (Sunday) – Trinity.
In the case when the festive or non-working day coincides with the day off, the day off is postponed to the next after festive or non-working.
Work on the festive and non-working day is paid at double time. At the request of an employee who worked on a holiday and a non-working day, he may be given another day of rest.
Annual main leave is granted to employees of a duration of not less than 24 calendar days for the worked working year, which is counted from the date of conclusion of the employment contract. (joining date).
Annual main and additional leave of full duration in the first year of work is provided to employees after the end of six months of continuous work in this enterprise, institution, organization. In the case of granting this leave before the expiration of the six-month period of continuous work, their duration is determined in proportion to the time spent, in addition to the cases determined by law, when these leave at the request of the employee is provided in full duration.
The division of annual leave into parts of any duration is allowed at the request of the employee, provided that the main continuous part of it will be not less than 14 calendar days. The unused portion of annual leave should be given to the employee by the end of the working year, but not later than 12 months after the end of the working year for which the leave is granted.
Holiday and non-working days, days of temporary disability as well as maternity leave are not included in annual leave. Article 74 & 75 of the Labor Act.
Annual Additional Leave
Annual additional leave at the request of the employee may be provided at the same time as the annual main leave or separately from it. The total duration of the annual basic and additional leave cannot exceed 59 calendar days, and for employees engaged in underground mining – 69 calendar days.
Annual and supplementary leave is granted to the employee in such a way that they are used, as a rule, before the end of the working year. Article 10 of the Holidays Act.
From January 1, 2019, the minimum wage in Ukraine has been set to the amount of UAH 4,173 (about USD 152).
Based on the medical report, women receive paid leave due to pregnancy and childbirth:
- Before childbirth – 70 calendar days;
- After delivery – 56 calendar days (70 calendar days – in the case of two or more children and in case of complications of delivery) from the date of birth.
Article 17 of the Holidays Act
At the end of the maternity leave, at the woman’s request, she is given leave to care for the child until she reaches her three-year age. This leave may be fully or partially used by the father of the child, grandparent, grandfather or other relatives who are actually caring for the child, or the person who adopted or took care of the child, one of the foster parents or parenting parents. Article 18 of the Holidays Act.
An employee who has adopted a child is provided with a one-time paid leave for a period of 56 calendar days (70 calendar days – at the time of adoption of two or more children), excluding festive and non-working days. Article 18 (1) of the Holidays Act.
An employee having children or an adult child – with a disability from childhood, is entitled to additional paid vacation of 10 calendar days. Article 19 of the Holidays Act.
The employee, at his request, is provided with compulsory leave without saving salary.
For family reasons and for other reasons, a worker may be granted a leave without salary for a period stipulated by an agreement between the employee and the owner or an authorized body, but not more than 15 calendar days a year. Article 84 of the Labour Act.
At the time of trade union training, employees elected in the form of elected trade union bodies of enterprises, institutions, organizations, provided additional paid leave for up to 6 calendar days. Article 16 of the Holidays Act.
Employees are granted vacation in connection with studying in secondary schools:
- Final examinations in the basic school – duration of 10 calendar days;
- Final examinations in the senior school – duration of 23 calendar days;
- Passing examinations in primary and secondary schools – from 4 to 6 calendar days, excluding weekends.
Workers who take exams outside of primary or secondary school are granted an additional paid holiday of 21 and 28 calendar days respectively.
Vacation in Connection with Training in Vocational Schools
Workers who successfully study at evening departments of vocational schools are granted additional paid leave for the preparation and passing of exams with the total duration of 35 calendar days during the school year.
Vacations in Connection with Studies in Higher & Post Graduate Educational Establishments and Postgraduate Studies
Workers who are successfully studying in higher education with evening and part-time education are provided with additional paid holidays –
For the period of setting classes, laboratory work, examinations and examinations for those who study at the first- and second-year courses at higher educational establishments:
- The first and second levels of accreditation with the evening form of training – 10 calendar days,
- The third and fourth levels of accreditation with the evening form of training – 20 calendar days,
- Regardless of the level of accreditation with the correspondence form of study – 30 calendar days;
For the period of setting classes, laboratory work, preparation of tests and examinations for those who study at the third and subsequent courses in higher educational establishments:
- The first and second levels of accreditation with the evening form of training – 20 calendar days,
- Third and fourth levels of accreditation with the evening form of training – 30 calendar days,
- Regardless of the level of accreditation with the correspondence form of study – 40 calendar days;
For the period of taking state examinations in higher educational institutions, regardless of the level of accreditation – 30 calendar days;
For the period of preparation and protection of the diploma project (work) students who study in higher education institutions with evening and correspondence forms of education of the first and second levels of accreditation – two months, and in higher educational institutions of the third and fourth levels of accreditation – four months.
For employees admitted to entrance examinations in postgraduate studies with or without separation from production, for preparation and examinations, once a year, an additional paid leave of 10 calendar days for each exam is provided. Article 14 &15 of the Holidays Act.
Last updated on: July 17th, 2019