Last updated on: September 26th, 2022
The Labor Law in France is regulated mainly by the Labor Code (Code du Travail) of 2016 (amended as of 2021). The Labor Code governs the terms and conditions of employment such as working hours, holidays and rest periods, wages, overtime, and employment relationships. The employment relationship is also governed by an array of collective bargaining agreements and judicial precedents.
Hours & Pay Regulations
Normal Working Hours
The actual working time is considered as the time during which the employee is at the employer’s disposal and follows the employer’s direction. The legal working time is 35 hours per week for full-time employees.
The maximum number of hours that an employee may actually work per day is limited to 10 hours and may not exceed 12 hours except in the case of certain specific cases such as a temporary increase in the activities of the organization (inclusive of overtime). The maximum weekly working hours shall not exceed 48 hours (inclusive of overtime). In case of certain exceptional circumstances, the maximum limit of weekly working hours can be increased to a maximum of 60 hours per week.
The weekly working time calculated over any period of 12 consecutive weeks may not exceed 44 hours. However, in certain exceptional cases, such as an arrangement under the agreement, the weekly working time can exceed a maximum of 46 hours over the period of 12 consecutive weeks. In case of the absence of any such kind of agreement, the government authority may also via a decree allow the increase of weekly working hours to a maximum limit of 46 hours.
The working time of employees working permanently in successive shifts in a continuous cycle must not exceed, on average, 35 hours per week over a 1 year period.
In companies whose collective weekly working time is longer than the legal weekly working time of 35 hours, the monthly remuneration due to the employee can be calculated by multiplying the hourly remuneration by the 52/12 of this weekly working time, taking into account salary increases corresponding to overtime worked.
In the absence of an agreement, the minimum working time for a part-time employee is set at 24 hours per week or, where applicable, at the monthly equivalent of this duration or the equivalent calculated over the period provided for by a collective agreement.
Also, in the absence of an agreement, the number of additional hours completed by a part-time employee during the same week or month or for the period provided for by an agreement collective agreement, may not exceed 1/10th the weekly or monthly working time provided for in the employment contract and calculated, where applicable, over the period provided for by a collective agreement.
Intermittent employment agreements are generally concluded in organizations covered by an agreement, by an organization or establishment agreement, or by an extended branch agreement that provides for it. The intermittent employment agreement is a contract of indefinite duration. The hours exceeding the minimum annual duration fixed in the intermittent employment contract cannot exceed 1/3rd of this duration, except with the consent of the employee. The employees with an intermittent employment agreement are provided the same benefits as applicable to full-time employees.
An on-call period is considered a period during which the employee must be able to perform work for the employer without being in the place of work and without being at the permanent and immediate disposal of the employer. The duration of this intervention for work is considered an effective working time.
The employees performing on-call work are provided with compensation either in the financial form or in the form of rest. Employees who will be affected by on-call periods are informed of their individual programs within a reasonable time. With the exception of the intervention period (when the employee actually performs the work for the employer), the on-call period is taken into account for the calculation of the minimum daily rest and the weekly rest periods.
Professional travel time to get to the place of employment is not considered actual working time. However, if it exceeds the normal journey time between home and the usual place of work, it is compensated either in the form of rest or in monetary compensation. The part of this professional travel time coinciding with the work schedule does not entail any loss of wages. In case, the travel time between home and the usual place of work is increased due to a disability, it may be compensated in the form of rest.
Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3121-15, L3121-18 – L3121-19 and 23, L3121-27 to L3121-31, L3123-33 to L3123-38, L3121-9, L3121-10.
The working time of employees who are subject to a collective working schedule, the monitoring of such working hours is done by posting the schedule within the premises of the organization, with prior information to the government authority on a daily basis. Where individual working schedules are in place, working time is monitored each day, with a weekly summary. Employees are informed of their working time by monthly timesheets.
In cases where overtime work is performed, employees are informed on a monthly basis, by a document attached to their payslip of any acquired compensatory rest hours. The employer keeps a duplicate of employee payslips or payslips given to employees in electronic form for 5 years. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3243-4, 3243-1.
Any hour worked beyond the legal weekly duration of 35 hours is considered overtime hours. Employees who perform such additional work are entitled to either an increase in the salary or where applicable, to equivalent compensatory rest.
Overtime is calculated per week. Unless otherwise provided in an agreement, the week begins on Monday at 12am and ends on Sunday at 12am. An organization or establishment agreement may use another period of 7 consecutive days to define the week.
Arrangement of working time over a period longer than a week
When a working time arrangement is put in place over a reference period longer than a week, overtime is counted at the end of this reference period. This reference period may not exceed 3 years in the event of a collective agreement and 9 weeks in the event of a unilateral decision by the employer. If the reference period is annual, hours worked beyond 1,607 hours are considered overtime.
If the reference period is less than or greater than 1 year, overtime is the hours worked beyond an average weekly duration of 35 hours calculated over the reference period.
In the absence of an agreement between the employer and employee, any overtime work performed by an employee beyond the legal weekly duration (35 hours), shall make the employee entitled to a premium of 25% for each of the first 8 hours of overtime and a premium of 50% for the subsequent hours of overtime. However, the rate of increase for overtime fixed by an organization or establishment agreement or, failing that, by branch agreement, cannot be less than 10%.
In the case of organizations with a union delegate, either all or part of the increase in salary for overtime work can be replaced by providing equivalent compensatory time off, on the condition that the same is not opposed by the social and economic committee.
The annual quota of Overtime – Overtime can be worked within the limit of an annual limit of 220 hours.
The hours taken into account for the calculation of the annual overtime quota are those completed beyond the legal duration. Any work performed in case of emergency shall not be considered towards counting against the annual limit of overtime hours.
Compulsory compensation for Overtime work
The employer must grant compulsory compensation in time of rest to each employee who works overtime beyond the annual quota.
The rate of the mandatory compensation in rest hours is determined by the organization or establishment agreement by convention, a branch agreement. This rate cannot be less than 50% for organizations (1.5 hours of overtime for 1 hour of work) with 20 employees or less and 100% for organizations with more than 20 employees. This compulsory rest is in addition to the payment of overtime. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3121-28 – L3121-30 , L3121-35 – L3121-38, L312-41 – L3121-47.
Reduction of Working Time (RTT)
A system that provides for the allocation of days or half days of rest to an employee whose working time exceeds 35 hours per week. The benefit of RTT days is fixed by a convention or an agreement.
Any work performed during a period of at least 9 consecutive hours including the interval between 12 am and 5 a.m. is considered night work. The night shift begins at 9 p.m. at the earliest and ends at 7 a.m. at the latest.
In the case of retail establishments, the working period at night is at least 7 consecutive hours including the interval between 12 am and 7 am if the work begins after 10 pm.
An employee is considered to be a night employee if they perform at least 3 hours of night work at least twice a week as per their ordinary working hours, or perform a minimum number of hours at night in accordance with an agreement during a reference period.
The daily working time performed by a night employee may not exceed 8 hours. The weekly working time of a night employee, calculated over a period of 12 consecutive weeks, may not exceed 40 hours.
Pay – The night employee receives compensation for the periods of night work during which he is employed, in the form of compensatory rest and, where applicable, in the form of salary compensation. The terms and conditions of the remuneration and compensatory rest are agreed upon via collective bargaining agreement. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3122-1 to L3122-24.
Employees are entitled to an unpaid rest break of 20 consecutive minutes once the daily working time reaches 6 hours unless more favorable provisions are made by any applicable collective bargaining agreements.
The time required for breaks is considered to be an actual working time when the employee is at the employer’s disposal and not able to freely enjoy such break time. An agreement or a branch agreement may provide for remuneration for the break times, even when these are not considered as actual working time.
In the absence of an agreement, the work schedule of a part-time employee may not include more than one interruption of work or more than one interruption at 2 pm. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. 3121-1 – 3121-6, L3121-16 – L3121-17.
Employees are entitled to a daily rest of at least 11 consecutive hours. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3131-1.
An employee shall not be allowed to work for more than 6 days a week. The weekly rest shall be given to the employee for a minimum duration of 24 consecutive hours which is added to the consecutive daily rest of 11 hours. Generally, the employees shall be provided with weekly rest on Sunday.
In cases of establishments where the functioning is required on a continuous basis such as to meet the needs of the public, the weekly rest can be provided on a rotational basis.
In the event of urgent work whose immediate execution is necessary to organize rescue measures, prevent imminent accidents, or repair accidents that have occurred, the weekly rest period may be suspended for the employees necessary for the execution of this work. This option of suspension applies not only to the employees of the company where the urgent work is necessary but also to those of another company doing the repairs on behalf of the first.
Each employee of this second company, as well as each employee of the company where the work is carried out, usually assigned to maintenance and repair work, benefits from compensatory rest for a period equal to the rest day on which the employee is made to work.
In circumstances, where the weekly rest on Sundays to all of the employees of an organization might cause difficulty in the normal functioning of operations at work, in such cases, the weekly rest can be organized either throughout the year or at certain times of the year only, according to one of the following methods:
- A day other than Sunday to all the employees of the establishment;
- From Sunday noon to Monday noon;
- Sunday afternoon with a compensatory rest of one day per shift and per fortnight;
- By rotation to all or part of the employees.
When due to national or local elections, the Sunday weekly rest has been dismissed, in such circumstances, the employer shall take all measures necessary to allow the employees to exercise their right to vote.
In the absence of a collective agreement, employees deprived of Sunday rest retain the option of refusing to work three Sundays of their choice per calendar year. He must inform his employer in advance, respecting a period of one month. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3132-26 – L3132-27.
Work On Rest Days
Each employee deprived of Sunday rest receives remuneration at least equal to 100% of the remuneration normally due for an equivalent period, as well as compensatory rest equivalent in time. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3132-26 – L3132-27.
The only mandatory public holiday in France is Labor Day (May 1). Other statutory holidays are the following:
- New Year’s Day (January 1)
- Easter Monday (variable)
- Good Friday in municipalities with a Protestant church or a mixed church;
- Labor Day (May 1)
- World War II Armistice (May 8)
- Ascension Day
- Pentecost/Whit Monday
- National Day (July 14)
- Assumption Day (August 15)
- All Saints Day (November 1)
- World War I Armistice (November 11)
- Christmas Day (December 25)
- Second Day of Christmas – December 26
Public holidays that fall on weekends do not move to the next working day.
Pay – May 1 is a public holiday and a day off. In establishments and services which, due to the nature of their activity, cannot interrupt work, employees employed on 1 May are entitled, in addition to the salary corresponding to the work performed, to compensation equal to the amount of this salary (100% premium). This compensation is the responsibility of the employer.
For other public holidays, the labor legislation does not provide for any salary increase, but collective agreements may contain more favorable provisions.
In commercial operations, employees cannot be employed on the first day of the Christmas, Easter, or Whitsun holidays. On other Sundays and public holidays, their work cannot exceed 5 hours. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3133-1 to L3133-3-2.
An employee is entitled to a leave of 2.5 working days per month of actual work with the same employer with a maximum of 30 working days. Periods equivalent to 4 weeks or 24 working days are considered to be a month of actual work for the purpose of determining the duration of the leave.
The following are considered to be periods of actual work for the purpose of determining the duration of the leave – Periods of paid leave, period of maternity, paternity and child care and adoption leave, compulsory compensation in the form of rest provided for overtime work, days of rest granted under a collective agreement for overtime work, the periods within the limit of an uninterrupted period of one year, during which the employment contract is suspended due to accident at work or an occupational disease, the periods during which an employee is maintained or recalled to national service for any reason.
In case, the number of working days is not a whole number, the duration of the leave is increased to the next higher whole number.
Employees under the age of 21 on April 30 of the previous year are entitled to 2 additional days of leave per dependent child. This leave is reduced to 1 day if the statutory leave does not exceed 6 days. A dependent child is a child who lives at the home and is under the age of 15 on April 30 of the current year and any child without age condition when he lives at the home and is with disabilities.
The annual leave may be increased due to age or seniority in accordance with conditions determined by agreement or collective labor agreement.
Taking of Leave
The annual leave must be taken during the period from May 1 to October 31 (Reference period) of each year. Spouses and partners bound by a civil solidarity pact working in the same company are entitled to simultaneous leave. The duration of the leave which may be taken at one time may not exceed 24 working days. This limit may be waived for employees who justify specific geographic constraints or the presence in the household of a child, a disabled adult, or an elderly person with a loss of autonomy.
Annual leave of less than 12 continuous working days must be taken in one period. In case, the main annual leave is longer than 12 working days, it may be split with the employee’s agreement. One of the fractions is at least equal to twelve continuous working days between two weekly rest days.
The employee is entitled to 1/10th of the gross wage received over the reference period. In determining the annual leave pay, the ancillary benefits and benefits in kind which the employee would not be able to receive during the duration of their leave period shall be taken into consideration. However, this does not affect either the contractual stipulations or the practices which provide for a higher amount of leave allowance.
Termination of Employment
In case of termination of employment, the employee shall be entitled to receive a compulsory leave allowance for the amount of annual leave not taken by the employee. This is also applicable to the beneficiaries of the employee whose death occurs before they could not take their annual leave. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3141-1 to L3141-33.
Effective August 1, 2022, the minimum hourly gross wage is €11.06, which thus puts the minimum monthly salary at €1,329.06.
The minimum wage given above is subject to change and might not be up to date. Kindly access the link to get the current rates.
Employees are entitled to the initial duration of parental leave of 1 year, which may be extended until the child’s 3rd birthday. Both parents may take the parental leave either simultaneously or alternately. An employer may not refuse a request for parental leave, provided that the employee has at least 1 year of service with the employer on the date of birth or arrival of the child in case of adoption. However, during parental leave, the parent on leave is compensated by Social Security.
An employee is also entitled to parental leave if their child is suffering from an illness, a disability, or had an accident of a particularly serious nature, requiring the employee’s presence and care. Such leave can be granted for a maximum of 310 working days over a period of 3 years. In such cases, the employees are entitled to a daily parental allowance paid by the Family Allowance Fund.
Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L1225-62 – L1225-65.
Employees are entitled to 16 weeks of maternity leave. An employee can take 6 weeks of leave before the birth of the child and 10 weeks after giving birth. an employee must take 8 weeks of maternity leave of which at least 6 weeks must be taken after childbirth.
Maternity leave can be extended on medical grounds related to pregnancy by a maximum of 2 weeks before and 4 weeks after the birth of the child. In the case of third and subsequent children (if the employee already has two or more children), the duration of leave is extended to 8 weeks before and 18 weeks after the expected date of childbirth. In the case of twins, prenatal leave is extended to 12 weeks while the postnatal leave is 22 weeks, making the total duration of the leave 34 weeks.
For multiple births (more than 2 children at the same time), prenatal leave is extended to 24 weeks and post-natal leave to 22 weeks, making the total duration of leave 46 weeks. When the childbirth occurs before the expected date, the maternity leave may be extended until the end, as the case may be, of the 16, 26, 34, or 46 weeks of maternity leave to which the employee is entitled to.
Pay – During the term of maternity leave (16 weeks in general cases; 26 weeks for the third and subsequent children; 34 weeks for twin births and 46 weeks for triplet or more births), employees are paid a maternity allowance which is equal to the average daily wage (100%) of 3 month period preceding pre-natal leave up to the quarterly social security maximum limit after deduction of employee’s share of statutory social security contributions and taxes. Maternity leave results in no reduction in pay and is treated as the actual working period for determining the duration of paid leave and for contractual rights acquired by the employee in respect of service in the organization.
Breastfeeding Break – During one year following the date of birth, mothers are entitled to paid breastfeeding breaks of 1 hour per day during working hours. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L1225-1 to L1225-34.
After the birth of the child, the salaried father and, where applicable, the mother’s salaried spouse or partner or the salaried person linked to her by a civil solidarity pact benefits from paternity and adoption leave of the child for a duration of 25 calendar days or 32 calendar days in the event of multiple births.
This leave consists of a period of 4 consecutive calendar days, immediately following the birth leave,, and a period of 21 calendar days, increased to 28 calendar days in the event of multiple births.
The notice period of the employer as to the expected date of delivery and the dates for taking the leave and the duration of the period or periods of leave, the period within which the days of leave must be taken as well as the terms and conditions for splitting the leave period of twenty-one days and twenty-eight days are set by decree.
Paternity leaves can be taken within 6 months after the child’s birth. Paternity leave may be postponed beyond 6 months in the case of a child’s hospitalization in which case the leave may be taken within 6 months after the end of hospitalization. The leave can also be postponed in the event of the death of the mother, in which case, the leave is taken within 6 months after the end of leave granted to the father (10 weeks of leave is available to a father on the death of a newborn’s mother).
Pay – To be compensated for the leave, employees must take the paternity leave within the 6 months time frame. In addition, the employee must have worked at least 150 hours during the 3 months preceding the start of the leave (or have contributed on a salary at least equivalent to 10,403.75 euros during the last 6 months preceding the start of the leave). The first 3 days are paid by the employer and the rest of the leave is paid by Social Security. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L1225-35 to L1225-36.
The employee is entitled to adoption leave for a period of 16 weeks at most from the date of arrival of the child at home. Adoption leave is increased to 18 weeks when after the adoption of a child(ren), the total number of children becomes 3 or more who are under the employee’s care. The duration increases to 22 weeks in the event of multiple adoptions.
When the duration of the adoption leave is divided between the two parents, the adoption of a child by a salaried couple gives rise to the right to 25 additional days of adoption leave or to 32 days in the event of multiple adoptions. The duration of the leave may only be split into two periods, the shortest of which is at least equal to 25 days. The leave taken by the parents in such cases can be simultaneous.
Pay – The employee is remunerated for the adoption leave by Social Security. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L1225-37 – L1225-41.
The employee whose dependent child is affected by sickness, disability, or victim of a particularly serious accident making sustained presence and restrictive care essential benefits, for a period determined by decree, shall be entitled to parental presence leave.
The number of days of leave that the employee may benefit from under parental presence leave is a maximum of 310 working days. The employee may, with the agreement of his employer, transform this leave into a period of part-time activity or divide it.
Donation of rest days to a parent of a deceased or seriously ill child – An employee may, at his request and in agreement with the employer, give up anonymously and without compensation all or part of their days off not taken, whether or not they have been allocated to a time savings account, in favor of another employee of the company who assumes the responsibility of a child under the age of 20, suffering from an illness, a disability or the victim of a particularly serious accident making constant presence and care essential binding.
An employee may, under the same conditions, give up all or part of his rest days not taken for the benefit of another employee of the company whose child under the age of 25 has died. This possibility is also open to the benefit of the employee in respect of the death of a person under the age of 25 in their effective and permanent charge. This waiver can take place during the year following the date of death. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L1225-62, L1225-65-1.
An employee who sets up or takes over a business is entitled to either an unpaid leave of absence, during which time the employment agreement is suspended, or to part-time employment, for a period of one year. The one-year business creation leave may be extended for one additional year. To benefit from this leave of absence, employees must have at least 24 months’ service with their employer. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-105 to L3142-124.
Employees with at least 2 years of service (whether successive or not) are permitted, with their employer’s consent, to work for a different company for a fixed period. During this time, their original employment contract is suspended. The employee may notify the original employer that he or she wishes to return at any time during the mobility leave. The duration of leave is determined by a collective agreement between the employer and the employee. The remuneration for the leave is paid by Social Security. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L1237-18 – L1237-18-5.
Apart from the leave provided for the death of child or spouse, an employee, in the event of the death of a child under the age of 25 or of a person under the age of 25 in employee’s effective and permanent charge, shall be entitled to bereavement leave of 8 days which may be divided under the conditions as may be provided for by decree. The leave can be taken within 1 year of the child’s death. The allowance for the leave is paid by Social Security. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-1-1.
The employee whose ascendant, a descendant, a brother, a sister, or a person sharing the same domicile suffers from a life-threatening disease or is in the advanced or terminal phase of a serious and incurable disease is entitled to a family solidarity leave. In the absence of any convention or agreement, the maximum duration of the leave is 3 months, renewable once. The conditions for splitting the leave and its transformation into a period of part-time activity are defined by decree. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-6 – L3142-15.
The employee is entitled, upon justification, to leave for the following purposes. A company collective agreement or agreement or, a branch agreement or agreement determines the duration of each of the leaves mentioned above, which may not be less than:
- 4 days for marriage or for the conclusion of a civil solidarity pact;
- 1 day for the marriage of a child;
- 3 days, for each birth. This period of leave begins to run, at the employee’s choice, on the day of the birth of the child or on the first working day that follows;
- 3 days for the arrival of a child placed for adoption;
- 5 days for the death of a child or seven working days when the child is under the age of twenty-five and regardless of his age if the deceased child was himself a parent or in the event of the death of a child. a person under the age of twenty-five in his effective and permanent charge;
- 3 days for the death of the spouse, the partner bound by a civil solidarity pact, the partner, the father, the mother, the stepfather, the stepmother, a brother or a sister ;
- 2 days for the announcement of the occurrence of a handicap in a child.
- 2 days for the announcement of the occurrence of a disability, a chronic pathology requiring therapeutic training, or cancer in a child.
The days of leave mentioned in the above section are working days. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-1 – L3142-4.
The employee is entitled to a caregiver leave when one of the following people has a handicap or a particularly serious loss of autonomy – spouse, partner, partner bound by a civil solidarity pact, an ascendant, a descendant, a child for whom the employee is responsible, collateral up to a fourth-degree, an ascendant, a descendant or collateral up to the fourth degree of his spouse, cohabiting partner or partner or partner bound by a civil solidarity pact, an elderly or disabled person with whom he resides or with whom he maintains close and stable links, to whom he helps regularly and frequently on a non-professional basis, to accomplish all or part of the acts or activities of daily life.
The person assisting must reside in France in a stable and regular manner and may not exceed, including renewal, the duration of 1 year for the entire career. In the event of a sudden deterioration in the state of health of the person being helped, a crisis situation requiring urgent action by the caregiver, or the abrupt end of the accommodation in an establishment from which the person being assisted was benefiting, the leave begins or can be renewed without delay. The employee may terminate the leave early or waive it in the following cases:
- Death of the person assisted;
- Admission to an establishment of the assisted person;
- Significant decrease in employee resources;
- Use of a home help service to assist the person being helped;
- Caregiver leaves taken by another family member.
The employee can, with the agreement of the employer, transform this leave into a period of part-time activity or split it. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-16 to L3142-27).
Employees are entitled to paid sick leave, however, the labor legislation does not provide a specific number of days to be provided as sick leave, rather an employee can be absent from work whenever they are sick and is able to produce a doctor’s certificate/note to justify such absence.
In case of illness which requires an employee’s absence from work shall be accompanied by a medical certificate from a doctor which shall be forwarded to the Social Security and the employer within 48 hours of the original medical appointment with the doctor for the purpose of receiving payment during sick leave.
During the term of sick leave, an employee may be paid through social security, the employee’s provident fund, and sometimes from the employer. The general principle is that an employee with at least 1 year of service with the organization is entitled to paid sick leave in the event of sickness and availability of a sick leave certificate. The period for which an employee is paid during sick leave varies according to the employee’s period of employment with the organization and the total duration of absence.
The sickness benefit is paid for a period of up to 6 months if the insured employee has at least 200 hours of employment in the last 3 months. It is payable for more than 6 months but less than 3 years, in case the employee has at least 800 hours of employment in the last 12 months.
Pay – The daily sickness benefit is payable from the 4th day of absence from work. It is equal to 50% of the daily wage of the last 3 months during the first 30 days of sickness. From the 31st day of absence, the daily sickness benefit for employees with 3 or more dependent children is 66.67% of the daily wage. The daily sickness benefit is paid up to 360 days in a 3 year period. In the case of chronic/serious and prolonged illness, the total payment period is 3 years. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L1226-1 to L1226-24.
The employee is entitled to a sabbatical leave during which the employee’s employment contract is suspended. In the absence of any convention or agreement, the minimum duration of leave is 6 months and its maximum duration is 11 months. The qualifying condition for such leave is that the employee must have at least 36 months of service with the employer consecutive or not. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-28 to L3142-35.
In case, an employee is designated to sit on a commission, a council, or an administrative or joint committee called upon to deal with employment and training problems, the employer shall grant the time necessary to participate in the meetings of these bodies.
The list of these bodies is fixed by interministerial decree. When an employee is appointed to participate in a jury for examining or validating acquired experience, the employer grants the employee such leave to take part in this jury. The leave is paid by the employer. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-42 to L3142-47.
The employee residing or usually employed in an area affected by a natural disaster is entitled to leave, taken on one or more occasions, to participate in the activities of organizations providing aid to victims of natural disasters. In the absence of an agreement, the maximum duration of leave is 20 days per year. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-48 to L3142-53.
Employees under the age of 25 who wish to participate in the activities of youth and popular education organizations and sports federations and associations approved by the administrative authority intended to promote the preparation and training or improvement of executives and leaders are entitled, each year, to a training leave, which may be taken once or twice at the request of the beneficiary.
In the absence of any convention or agreement, the maximum total number of days that may be taken as leave is 6 working days per year. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-54 to L3142-59.
The employee has the right to benefit, upon justification, from a leave of absence to attend their own ceremony of welcoming French citizenship. In the absence of an agreement, the duration of the leave is half a day. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-75 to L3142-78.
The employer can provide the employee leave for the time necessary to participate in the electoral campaign for the candidature of the National Assembly or the Senate, within the limit of 20 working days. The same right is granted, on request, within the limit of 10 working days to the candidate employee in the following cases:
- To the European Parliament;
- To the municipal council;
- To the departmental council or the regional council;
- To the Corsican Assembly;
- To the council of the metropolis of Lyon.
Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-79 to L3142-88.
Any employee who has made a commitment to serve in the operational reserve is granted an 8-day absence authorization per calendar year for activities in the reserve. However, for organizations with less than 250 employees, the employer can decide, in order to keep the company running smoothly, to limit the leave duration to 5 days. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-89 to L3142-101.
An employee who wishes to provide technological, professional, or higher education in initial or continuing education full-time or part-time has the right to either leave or to a period of part-time work. In the absence of the agreement, the maximum duration of the leave or the period of part-time work is 1 year. This period can be extended at the employee’s request by agreement with the employer.
The length of service required to give entitlement to leave or to a part-time work period is 1 year if the employer agrees and 24 months, consecutive or not, in the company in case of disagreement. Labor Code, 2016 (amended as of 2021), Art. L3142-125 to L3142-130.