Last updated on: June 24th, 2021
The Labor Law in Jordan is regulated mainly by the Labor Law of 1996 as amended by Law No 14 of 2019. The Law governs the terms and conditions of employment such as working hours, holidays, rest periods, wages, overtime, leave and termination of employment, etc.
Hours & Pay Regulations
An employee is entitled to annual leave with full pay for a period of 14 days for each year of employment unless a larger amount of leave has been agreed upon between the employer and employee. However, an employee who has been in continuous employment with the same employer for a period of 5 consecutive years is entitled to annual leave for a period of 21 days.
Public holidays, religious feasts, and weekly rest days shall be counted as part of the annual leave when such day falls during the vacation period of an employee. If the employee has not completed one year of employment, the employee shall have the right to obtain a leave with pay in proportion to the period of his service during the year.
The annual leave of an employee might be suspended for any year by the agreement of the employee and the employer and carried forward to the following year. However, an employee will lose his/her right to take the suspended annual vacation if not requested to be used during that particular year. The employer may not reject an employee’s request to avail his/her leave.
In case, an employee can not take annual leave at once, in such a scenario the annual vacation taken by the employee each time shall not consist of less than 2 days. An employee can avail payment in lieu of leave in the event that the employer fails to approve the employee’s annual leave for a consecutive period of 2 years.
Timing of Vacation – An employer shall specify the date of the annual leave for each employee during the first month of the year keeping into consideration the interests of the employees.
Termination of Employment – An employee whose employment is terminated before he/she could avail the annual leave, in such cases, the employee is entitled to receive remuneration for all remaining leave days. Labour Law of 1996 (amended by Law No 14 of 2019), Art. 61 – 64.
An employee is entitled to 14 days of sick leave with full pay on the basis of a report by the medical practitioner approved by the establishment. Sick leave can be extended to a further 14 days of leave with full pay if the employee is hospitalized and with half pay if the employee is not hospitalized but provides a report from a medical commission approved by the establishment. Labour Law of 1996 (amended by Law No 14 of 2019), Art. 65.
A female employee is entitled to a paid maternity leave before and after delivery for a total period of 10 weeks provided that the period of leave post-delivery shall not be less than 6 weeks.
Breastfeeding Break – After the expiry of the maternity leave period a female employee is entitled to take time off with pay for the purpose of nursing her newborn baby, during a year post the delivery date, provided that total time off does not exceed 1 hour a day.
An employer must prepare a suitable place in the custody of a qualified nanny to take care of the children of female employees who are less than four years old, provided that there are 15 or more children under five years of age.
An employer who employs 10 or more employees shall provide female employees with unpaid leave for a period not exceeding a year for the purpose of taking care of her children. Such an employee may return to work after the expiry of that leave provided that she shall lose this right if she has worked in any other establishment with pay during that period. Labour Law of 1996 (amended by Law No 14 of 2019), Art. 67, 70 – 71.
An employee is entitled to paid leave for a period of 3 days after the birth of the child.
An employee is entitled to paid leave for a period of 14 days each year in any of the following cases:
- If an employee has joined a course for labour education approved by the Ministry upon the candidacy of the employer or the manager of the establishment in cooperation with the concerned association.
- For the purpose of pilgrimage, provide that an employee has been in the employer’s service for at least 5 consecutive years. Such leave shall only be granted once during the employee’s period of service.
The employee may get unpaid leave of 4 months if the employee joined an approved university, institute or college to study. An employee may get an unpaid period of 4 months if the employee joined an approved university institute or college to study. Labour Law of 1996 (amended by Law No 14 of 2019), Art. 66.
A working couple is entitled to receive an unpaid leave once for a period of not exceeding 2 years to accompany his/her couple if he/she has moved to another work located outside the governorate in which he/she works inside Jordan or moved to work abroad. Labour Law of 1996 (amended by Law No 14 of 2019), Art. 68