Lithuania

Global Compliance Guide

Hours & Pay Regulations

Normal Working Hours

The working time rate of an employee shall be 40 hours per week unless work the law imposes a reduced working time rate on the employee or the parties does not agree at all working time.

 

Requirements for Maximum Working Time

      • Average working time, including overtime, but excluding working time in accordance with the additional working time may not be exceeded during each 7-day period like 48 hours;
      • Working time, including overtime and working on a supplementary basis, may not exceed 12 hours in any one working day (shift), excluding lunch, and 60 hours in each 7-day period;
      • May not be employed for more than 6 days in any 7 consecutive days;
      • Maximum working time based on aggregate working time accounting, including overtime, but excluding work on a supplementary contract, averaging over a period of 7 days may not exceed 48 hours during the accounting period.

Where an employee works under the cumulative working time regime, the maximum working time within each period of seven consecutive days may not exceed 52 hours.

 

Working Time Accounting

The employer must keep a record of the number of hours worked by the working time of night employees and employees of indefinite duration accounting. The employer must record in the working time records the employee’s actual work:

      • Overtime;
      • Working time during the holidays;
      • Working time on a day off, if not scheduled;
      • Working hours at night.

Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 114.

Overtime

Overtime cannot exceed eight hours in 7 consecutive calendar days unless an employee gives written consent to work up to 12 overtime hours per week. Total hours worked cannot exceed 48 per week averaged over a period of up to three months. The maximum duration of overtime per year is 180 hours. Longer overtime may be agreed upon in the collective agreement.

 

Overtime must be paid at a rate of at least 1.5 times the employee’s regular hourly pay. Employees who work overtime on a day of rest are entitled to 2 times the employees salary. 

 

An employer may order an employee to work overtime only in extraordinary cases specified in the Labor Code. Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), art. 119, Art 144 of Labor Code.

Night Work

Nighttime means the calendar time between the 2200 hours and the 6:00 hours. A night employee shall be one who:

      • Work at night for at least 3 hours per day (shift); or
      • They work night time for at least a quarter of their annual working time.
      • The average working time of a night employee shall not exceed 8 hours per working day (shift) over an accounting period of one month.

Night employees other than those covered by this Code whose work involves special hazards or whose physical or mental work the workload is heavy, the daily working time (shift) shall not exceed 8 working hours in a 24 hours period. The salary for work at night shall be paid at least 1.5 times the employee’s salary. For Overtime work, at night the employee shall be paid 2 times the salary. Art 117 & 144 of Labor Code.

Breaks

Employees must be given a lunch break no later than 5 hours, for rest and dining. The duration of this break may not be less than 30 minutes and not more than two hours unless the parties agree on a split working day regime. During the lunch break, the employee may leave the workplace.

Daily uninterrupted rest between working days (shifts) may not be for less than 11 consecutive hours and for a period of 7 consecutive days the employee must be given a continuous rest period of 35 hours.

 

If the employee’s working day (shift) is more than 12 hours but not more than 24 hours, continuous rest between working days (shifts) the time shall not be less than 24 hours.

 

For employees performing work during which due to production conditions must not be taken for a break to rest and to eat, there must be an opportunity to eat during working hours. Art 122 & 144 of Labor Code.

Work On Rest Days

For work on a day of rest which is not determined by a schedule of work (shift), a minimum of twice the salary of the employee shall be paid. Overtime work on a day of rest which is not determined by a schedule of work (shift) shall be paid at least twice the salary of the employee. Art 122 & 144 of Labor Code.

Public Holidays

The following paid public holidays are observed in Lithuania:

  • Jan. 1: New Year’s Day
  • Feb. 16: Day of Reestablishment of the State of Lithuania
  • March 11: Day of Reestablishment of Lithuania’s Independence
  • Easter Sunday and Easter Monday
  • May 1: International Labor Day
  • First Sunday in May: Mother’s Day
  • First Sunday in June: Father’s Day
  • June 24: Rasos and St. John’s Day
  • July 6: Day of the State (Coronation of King Mindaugas)
  • Aug. 15: Assumption Day
  • Nov. 1: All Saints’ Day
  • Nov 2: Commemoration of all the Faithful Departed (All Souls’ Day)
  • Dec. 24: Christmas Eve
  • Dec. 25 and 26: Christmas

Holidays are observed on their calendar date. If the holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, it will not be moved to a weekday. Employees required to work on a public holiday must receive at least double their regular rate of pay or an extra rest day within the following month. For overtime work on a public holiday, not less than 2.5 times the employee’s salary shall be paid. Art 123, 144 of Labor Code.

Annual Leave

Employees are entitled to paid annual leave of 20 working days or 24 working days if working six days a week. One installment of annual leave may not be:

      • Shorter than 10 working days;
      • Shorter than 12 working days (if an employee works 6 days per week).

Annual leave for the first working year is generally granted after six months of uninterrupted work at the enterprise. For the second and subsequent working years, annual leave is granted according to a schedule stipulated in a collective agreement or agreed upon by the employer and its employees. Certain categories of employees (e.g., women on maternity leave, minors) have the right to choose the time of their annual leave.

Public holidays falling within a period of annual leave are not counted as part of annual leave.

At the request of an employee, the time of work or the hours of overtime worked multiplied by the corresponding amount set cumulated by work or overtime work done on regular time, night time, holiday and rest may be added to the annual leave time. 

 

Carry Forward – If the worker is unable to take annual leave, the commencement of annual leave shall be postponed, but no longer than the end of the annual leave granted.  The annual leave not used by the worker shall be given to him by another time agreed between the parties, but during the same working year. The part of the annual leave to be renewed at the request of the employee may be transferred and added to the next annual leave of the year. Art 144, 128-130, 138 of Labor Code.

Minimum Wage

In 2020, the national minimum wage in Lithuania remained fixed at 607 € per month.

 

The minimum wage stated may not be up to date & is subject to change. Kindly access the link to get the current rates.

Special Leave

Maternity Leave

Expectant mothers are entitled to maternity leave of 70 calendar days before childbirth and 56 or (in the event of complicated confinement or birth of two or more children) 70 calendar days after. Employees who have been appointed guardians of newly born children are entitled to paid leave from the date guardianship is awarded until the child is 70 days old. Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 131-132.

Parental Leave

Employee shall be granted 30 calendar days following the birth of a child uninterrupted parental leave.  It is paid by the Republic of Lithuania. Sickness and maternity social security benefits. Leave shall be granted at any time from birth to three months (in the case of complicated birth or birth)two or more children, from birth to six months). Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 133.

Paternity Leave

Men are entitled to 30 days of uninterrupted paid paternity leave, which may be granted any time from the date of birth until the child is 3 months old. Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 137.

Sick Leave

For the first two days of absence, the sickness allowance is paid by the employer. The allowance may not be smaller than 80 percent or larger than 100 percent of the employee’s average monthly salary. From the third to the seventh day of absence, the sickness allowance is paid from the State Social Insurance Fund at 40 percent of average monthly salary and from the eighth day at 80 percent until the employee is able to work or is declared disabled.

Child Care Leave

A parent or grandparent, other custodial relative or guardian is eligible for parental leave up to a child’s third birthday, either continuous or incremental. Leave may be shared between eligible caregivers.

A child-raising benefit is paid by the State Social Insurance Fund from the expiration of maternity leave until the child reaches age 12 or 24 months, 100 percent of salary for one year or 70 percent for two. Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 134.

Adoption Leave

An adoptive mother or father is entitled to three months’ childcare leave. Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 134.

Learning Leave

For employees undergoing formal education programs in accordance with the following Certificates of study leave of the educational providers operating the programs:

      • 3 calendar days each for the preparation and the taking of the regular examinations for the exam;
      • Preparation and holding of credit tests – 2 calendar days for each credit transfer;
      • Days for laboratory work and consultation, within the number of days prescribed for training plans and schedules;
      • Diploma (bachelor’s, master’s) thesis or doctoral dissertation or art project completion and defend – 30 calendar days;
      • To prepare for and take state (final) examinations – 6 each calendar day for each exam.

For staff participating in non-formal adult education programs, up to 5 working days a year of study leave to participate in non-formal learning in adult education programs.

For workers whose employment relationship with the employer lasts more than 5 years, the period of study leave given above- is 10 working days in any one working year if participation is not formalized. Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 135.

Creative Leave

The employee may be granted, on the agreement, a creative leave of up to 12 months to create a work of art, a work of science. The remuneration for work and creative leave is governed by labor law and agreements between the parties. Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 136.

Unpaid Leave
      • Employee raising a child under fourteen years – up to 14 calendar days.
      • A disabled worker, as well as a worker raising a disabled child up to eighteen for a person with a disability who has been identified as having a permanent need for care – up to  30 calendar days
      • An employee caring for a sick family member – for such time as he/she recommends health care institution;
      • Employee given leave for marriage, up to 3 calendar days;
      • An employee to attend the funeral of a deceased family member – up to 5 calendar days
      • Unpaid leave of more than one working day (shift) may be taken provided at the request of the employee and with the consent of the employer.

Labor Code, 2016 (as amended), arts. 137.

Last updated on: July 28th, 2020